American Beech Tree

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  • Full Sun (At Least 6 Hours Of Direct Sunlight)
  • Mature Height 50 - 70 Feet
  • Mature Spread 30 - 40 Feet
  • Growing Zones 4 - 9

American Beech is an excellent tree for both providing shade and edible nuts. This stately tree has gorgeously smooth, gray bark and understated serrated leaves that turn shades of yellow and bronze during the fall. The canopy is quite wide and provides shade for humans and wildlife. American Beech is a favorite tree for parks and other open spaces. Although Fagus grandiflora is native to the eastern half of North America, from Nova Scotia to the American southeast, it grows very well in almost any part of the lower 48 states.

The wide canopy of American Beech develops a natural oval shape when planted in a spot with plenty of room to grow. Many cities recommend the American Beech for use on large properties and away from powerlines and public rights of way. Although Beech trees are slower growing than other popular street trees, they will reach an overall height of 70-80 feet and do not tolerate the pollution levels of urban areas. American Beech is at home in a vast open space where it can be grown as an anchor for a naturalized area to encourage wildlife. 

American Beech Tree Care

American Beech Trees require careful spacing from all buildings, sidewalks, driveways, and other hard structures that would be damaged by the shallow spreading roots. American Beech needs average amounts of water and will tolerate short periods of dry weather, although it is not considered a drought-tolerant tree. Provide 1 inch of water once a week for the first few years after planting. Provide soil that is as deep as possible. American Beech has an extensive shallow root system that can be encouraged to grow deeper in the ground if started in deep, well-drained soil. The site must have full sun and no competition from other large trees growing nearby.

Pruning is not needed early in the tree's life. Allow the canopy to develop naturally and spread. Thinning of heavily crossing branches can be done in the winter. Winter pruning will reduce the number of water sprouts that form, simplifying future pruning. American Beech tends to have a very low canopy that can be brought up higher if desired by cutting off the lower branches. Do not remove more than one-fourth of the branches each year. Removing the lower canopy slowly is less likely to stress the tree and cause damage. Reducing the crown to shorten the tree is not recommended and could weaken its growth significantly. 

The nuts formed on American Beech are edible after they fully ripen. Unripe nuts that fall early are mildly toxic and should be kept out of the way of children and pets. 

American Beech Tree Spacing

American Beech Tree is a large, stately tree at maturity and requires careful spacing when planted. The standard recommendation is to keep the future canopy growth at least 10 feet away from power poles/lines and garages. Keep the root base 15-20 feet away from building foundations and other large trees. Know the positions of any underground utilities and keep the root base 5 feet or more away.

American Beech Tree Information

USDA Hardiness Zones: 4 - 9
Plant Type: Trees
Light Exposure: Full Sun (At Least 6 Hours Of Direct Sunlight)
Mature Height: 50 - 70 Feet
Mature Spread: 30 - 40 Feet
Spacing: 30 - 40 Feet
Habit: Upright
Flower Color(s): Brown, Green, Yellow
Flower Description:
Bloom Period: Apr, May
Foliage Type: Deciduous
Foliage Color(s): Green
Foliage Description:
Seasonal Interest: Spring Flowering, Summer Flowering, Fall Flowering, 4 Season Interest
Watering: Average
Resists: Disease, Pests & Insects
Tolerates: N/A
Attracts: Birds, Butterflies
Container Role:
Uses: Borders, Edging, Specimen or Focal Point, Wildlife Gardens
Features: Attracts Pollinators, Foliage Interest, Low Maintenance
Brand: American Beauties Native Plants
Common Name: American Beech Tree
Other Name(s): American Beech
Scientific Name: Fagus grandifolia

Container Sizes

Please Note: The pictures below are to give a general representation of the different container sizes. The actual size/ages of plants are estimates and will vary based on; type of plant, time of year, last pruning & many other factors.

4.5 Pot

4.5" Pot
 Also Know As:
   4.5" Container

 Plant Age:
   ~ 6 months
 Plant Size:
   ~ 3"-6"
 Pot Size:
   ~ 4.5"H x 3.75"W
   1.42 quarts

Quart Pot

Quart Pot
 Also Know As:

 Plant Age:
   ~ 1 year old
 Plant Size:
   ~ 4"-8"
 Pot Size:
   ~ 4.75"H x 4.5"W
   1.50 quarts

2.5 Quart

2.5 Quart
 Also Know As:
   2.5 Quart Pot

 Plant Age:
   ~ 1.5 year old
 Plant Size:
   ~ 8"-12"
 Pot Size:
   ~ 6.5"H x 6.5"W
   2.20-2.30 quarts

#1 Pot

#1 Pot
 Also Know As:
   #1 Container
    1 Gallon
 Plant Age:
   ~ 2 year old
 Plant Size:
   ~ 10"-14"
 Pot Size:
   ~ 7"H x 7.75"W
   2.26-3.73 quarts

#2 Pot

#2 Pot
 Also Know As:
   #2 Container
    2 Gallon
 Plant Age:
   ~ 2-3 year old
 Plant Size:
   ~ 12"-18"
 Pot Size:
   ~ 9.5"H x 9.5"W
   1.19-1.76 gallons

#3 Pot

#3 Pot
 Also Know As:
   #3 Container
    3 Gallon
 Plant Age:
   ~ 3-4 year old
 Plant Size:
   ~ 12"-30"
 Pot Size:
   ~9.5"H x 11"W
   2.32-2.76 gallons

For more detailed information, please click here.

Plant Addict Guarantee (Included On All Plant Orders)

Plant Addicts guarantees your plant(s) will arrive happy and healthy, but the plant(s) are being shipped through the mail and accidents happen. If the plant is dead, has dried out roots or the incorrect item was shipped just notify Plant Addicts within 3 days upon delivery. We may ask for pictures but will try to make it as easy as possible for you. Please note plant(s) with damaged branches or wilted leaves will not qualify for this guarantee. Plants are very resilient and will rebound quickly when cared for correctly.

For information on how to care for you new plant please check out our guide. Guide: How to Care for Your New Plant(s)

Plant Addicts Warranty - 1 Year (Extra Purchase Required)

We encourage all plant lovers to purchase the Plant Addicts Warranty whether you’re new or an expert. There are many variables outside our control and yours that can cause the demise of your plant(s). Examples would be hungry animals, drought, poor soil conditions, over watering, disease, insects & many other factors. The Plant Addicts Warranty is a 1 year warranty protecting you from all the unknowns and will replace your plant if it moves on to the plant afterlife.

The warranty is purchased on a per plant basis and must be purchased at the same time as the plant purchase. We will cover 100% of the price of the plant but the warranty does not cover shipping cost. Simply let us know if your plant has died within one year of receiving it and we’ll get you a new one shipped out. We may ask for photos for documentation purposes but again we’ll try to make it as easy as possible.

For more information, please go to our Shipping & Returns page at the bottom of the website.

Guide: How to Care for Your New Plant(s)

Planter Shipping

Standard Colors: 2-3 business days

Special Order Colors: 8 weeks - this is due to the planter being custom made with the color(s) of your choice

Please Note: On special orders there can not be any cancellations

Plant Shipping

Time of Order:

Summer Shipping

  • If there is extreme heat we’ll delay shipping.  
    • We’ll have to review what areas the plants are traveling through along with your location

Once your plant is shipped you’ll receive an email with tracking information. Depending on the above criteria we’ll ship your plant(s) towards beginning of the following week from your order. We put together this helpful guide of what to do when you receive your plants in the mail.

It is important to know that all of our plants are clearly labeled for which growing zones the plant can survive in. The plants are thoroughly trialed and tested in every growing zone before we state the plant can grow in a zone. Again, our #1 priority is to ship the plants to you healthy and ready to thrive in your location. So we will do everything in our power to do so.