Egyptian Papyrus Care

Growing Egyptian Papyrus

Egyptian papyrus, also known as Cyperus papyrus, is classified as a sedge family member. It forms a clump of tall stems topped with sprays of modified leaves that look like feather dusters. These plants bloom in midsummer with greenish-brown flowers that mature into fruits that resemble nuts. Papyruses are native to the wetlands in Africa and prefer warm, moist conditions, such as a bog or water garden. They are not frost hardy and will die back in areas colder than zone 9. 

Most varieties will grow to 3 – 6 feet high and are best used toward the middle or back of a garden bed. In areas with frost, these plants can be grown as annuals and discarded in winter or brought indoors to overwinter. They grow quickly in warm environments and are lovely additions to a water feature, tropical garden, bog garden or rain garden. 


Planting Egyptian Papyrus

Papyrus prefers full sun, but will tolerate partial shade, especially in hot climates. It grows best in constantly moist, fertile soil. For planting sites with poor soil, you can mix organic matter into the existing soil to enrich it. This is a wet-area plant, but it should not be fully submerged in water; only keep the roots in standing water. Papyrus can be grown in containers without drainage holes, or it can be placed in a dish of water. Papyrus can also be planted in the ground as long as the soil stays moist, especially during the hottest parts of the summer. 


Watering Egyptian Papyrus

This plant will need constant moisture and should be watered daily during the hot summer months. You really can’t overwater papyrus. Consider planting it in a bog garden or at the edge of a pond to allow constant moisture to seap into the soil. You can create a small bog garden at home by digging a hole about 30 inches deep and lining it with a flexible pond liner, poked with a few holes for drainage. Fill the liner with a mixture of excavated soil and compost, and water the medium thoroughly. Continue to add water as needed each week to keep the soil moist.

Fertilizing Egyptian Papyrus

Papyrus grows naturally in the rich soil of the Nile River valley. It is a heavy feeder and should be fertilized monthly starting in the spring. Use a balanced water-soluble formula (10-10-10 NPK) diluted to half strength. Also, work decomposed manure or compost into the top layer of the soil enrich it.  

Pruning Egyptian Papyrus

Many gardeners in cooler climates treat these plants as annuals and compost them in the fall. In their growing range, they can be kept outside year-round and will go dormant in the winter. In early spring, any dead stalks should be pruned out to promote new growth. Continue to cut back any brown stems that appear during the growing season with a pair of pruning shears or scissors.

Caring For Egyptian Papyrus in Pots

Containers are an excellent way to keep Egyptian papyrus happy. Choose a container that is a few inches wider than the rootball and cover the roots with moisture-retentive potting soil. You can place the container in a dish of water to keep the soil continually moist. Alternatively, use a container with poor drainage to ensure the soil stays wet. In regions cooler than zone 9, the containers can be brought indoors and treated as houseplants. Be sure to fertilize the container twice a year with an all-purpose formula, diluted to half strength.


Winter Care for Egyptian Papyrus

In areas that experience frost, papyrus can be brought indoors and grown as a houseplant. Set the container in a sunny window and keep the soil moist. In the spring, once the risk of frost has passed, bring the container outside, and watch the papyrus spring to life! In areas with mild winters, papyrus can be grown outdoors all year. Overwintered plants can be cleaned up in the spring by removing any spent foliage with a pair of pruning shears.

Common Questions About Egyptian Papyrus

Are Egyptian Papyrus Deer Resistant?

Are Egyptian Papyrus Poisonous?

Are Egyptian Papyrus Edible?

Are Egyptian Papyrus Invasive?

Why Aren’t Egyptian Papyrus Blooming?

Other typical questions:

Does Egyptian Papyrus spread

Is Egyptian Papyrus invasive?

does Egyptian Papyrus have invasive roots

Is Egyptian Papyrus an annual or perennial

Does Egyptian Papyrus come back every year

Egyptian Papyrus leaves turning yellow, brown, black.

Egyptian Papyrus growth rate?

Egyptian Papyrus drought tolerant?

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