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American Elm

American Beauties Native Plants

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  • Full Shade to Partial Shade (0 - 4 Hours Of Direct Sunlight)
  • Mature Height 60 - 80 Feet
  • Mature Spread 60 - 80 Feet
  • Growing Zones 2 - 9

The American Elm is a classic shade tree used in many urban landscapes because of its high canopy of leaves that provide shade for parks and city streets. Ulmus americana can be planted in the home garden to provide shade also. It does have a tall and wide spread, so may only be useful in the largest of yards. Growing to a height of 60-80 feet and a spread of 40-70 feet this is one impressive tree.

American Elms grown in the past were susceptible to Dutch Elm disease, spread by the Dutch Elm bark beetle. Newer cultivars are much more resistant to this disease and can be extremely long lived. The American Elm is native to the Eastern half of North America and provides shelter and food for species of butterflies, moths and birds. Elms are drought tolerant once well established.

American Elm Care

Elms have a wide and shallow root system and need to have a very large space in order to thrive. Placing this tree in an average backyard may be difficult. Overhead utility lines must be avoided as well as driveways, patios and house foundations. The strong root system can push up and break sidewalks and driveways easily. The best place would be 100 feet away from structures and patios. The soil it is planted in can be of average texture with a pH from5.5 -8.0. Soil should be well drained and mulched with leaves or a thin layer of organic compost in the fall after leaf drop. 

Pruning of American Elm is very important in its formative years. Giving it the strongest limb spread possible will go a long way to keep this tree healthy. A healthy tree that has the right amount of care will be more resistant to attack by pests and disease.

American Elm Spacing

American Elms tend to be used as a specimen tree, especially in the home garden setting. A lovely dappled shade garden could be planted underneath. Since the roots are very shallow, plants such as perennials, groundcovers and annuals will be the easiest to work with. Their roots won’t compete with the tree roots.

American Elm Information

USDA Hardiness Zones: 2 - 9
Plant Type: Trees
Light Exposure: Full Shade to Partial Shade (0 - 4 Hours Of Direct Sunlight)
Mature Height: 60 - 80 Feet
Mature Spread: 40 - 70 Feet
Spacing: 40 - 70 Feet
Habit: Upright
Flower Color(s): Green, Red
Flower Description:
Bloom Period:
Foliage Type: Deciduous, Variegated
Foliage Color(s): Green
Foliage Description: Yellow Fall Color
Seasonal Interest: Fall Interest
Watering: Average
Resists: Deer
Tolerates: Heat
Attracts: Birds
Container Role:
Uses: Specimen or Focal Point, Wildlife Gardens
Features: Attracts Pollinators, Foliage Interest, Native to North America
Common Name: American Elm
Other Name(s):
Scientific Name: ULMUS AMERICANA

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Plant Addict Guarantee (Included On All Plant Orders)

Plant Addicts guarantees your plant(s) will arrive happy and healthy, but the plant(s) are being shipped through the mail and accidents happen. If the plant is dead, has dried out roots or the incorrect item was shipped just notify Plant Addicts within 3 days upon delivery. We may ask for pictures but will try to make it as easy as possible for you. Please note plant(s) with damaged branches or wilted leaves will not qualify for this guarantee. Plants are very resilient and will rebound quickly when cared for correctly.

For information on how to care for you new plant please check out our guide. Guide: How to Care for Your New Plant(s)

Plant Addicts Warranty - 1 Year (Extra Purchase Required)

We encourage all plant lovers to purchase the Plant Addicts Warranty whether you’re new or an expert. There are many variables outside our control and yours that can cause the demise of your plant(s). Examples would be hungry animals, drought, poor soil conditions, over watering, disease, insects & many other factors. The Plant Addicts Warranty is a 1 year warranty protecting you from all the unknowns and will replace your plant if it moves on to the plant afterlife.

The warranty is purchased on a per plant basis and must be purchased at the same time as the plant purchase. We will cover 100% of the price of the plant but the warranty does not cover shipping cost. Simply let us know if your plant has died within one year of receiving it and we’ll get you a new one shipped out. We may ask for photos for documentation purposes but again we’ll try to make it as easy as possible.

For more information, please go to our Shipping & Returns page at the bottom of the website.

Guide: How to Care for Your New Plant(s)

Planter Shipping

Standard Colors: 2-3 business days

Special Order Colors: 8 weeks - this is due to the planter being custom made with the color(s) of your choice

Please Note: On special orders there can not be any cancellations

Plant Shipping

Time of Order:

Summer Shipping

  • If there is extreme heat we’ll delay shipping.  
    • We’ll have to review what areas the plants are traveling through along with your location

Once your plant is shipped you’ll receive an email with tracking information. Depending on the above criteria we’ll ship your plant(s) towards beginning of the following week from your order. We put together this helpful guide of what to do when you receive your plants in the mail.

It is important to know that all of our plants are clearly labeled for which growing zones the plant can survive in. The plants are thoroughly trialed and tested in every growing zone before we state the plant can grow in a zone. Again, our #1 priority is to ship the plants to you healthy and ready to thrive in your location. So we will do everything in our power to do so.