Euonymus is a perennial favored by gardeners for its leafy good looks and easy-to-maintain nature. The scientific name is Euonymus, and some cultivars go by that name, but this plant also goes by names like Wintercreeper and Burning Bush. Euonymus is native to Asia and some varieties are considered invasive in parts of the U.S., but it is also winter-hardy and effortlessly adds color and texture to a landscape. While this plant is easy to grow, Euonymus does require some effort to maintain its striking foliage. When growing Euonymus, follow these tips for healthy plants.
What You Need To Plant Euonymus
- Compost or manure
- Garden spade
- Good location
- Water source
Where to Plant Euonymus
Most Euonymus plants can live in USDA zones 4 through 8, and Golden Euonymus can even live in the warmer zones 7 through 11. Each type can handle different zones, so check the individual cultivar before selecting a plant for your yard. When it comes to placement within a yard, Euonymus plants are not very picky. Most prefer full sun to partial shade and moderately moist soil that allows for drainage. Wet or soggy conditions are really the only dealbreaker for this plant.
Space Euonymus plants so the ends of the branches will just barely touch the branches of neighboring plants. Leaving room around the plants allows air to circulate, which will help the plant maintain drier foliage and prevent mold or fungus from forming. Some varieties can grow rather large while others naturally maintain a more compact size, but this plant responds well to pruning, so it can be maintained to fit in a space.
Steps To Plant Euonymus
Step 1 - Choose a spot that receives full sun to partial shade; in very hot climates, select a spot with morning light and afternoon shade
Step 2 - Dig a hole slightly deeper and wider than the root ball
Step 3 - Lower the root ball into the hole until the top of the root ball is even with the ground
Step 4 - Fill in the hole and gently press the soil into place around the plant
Step 5 - Water the Euonymus to saturate the root ball
Step 6 - Mulch around the base of the plant with compost
When to Plant Euonymus
Plant Euonymus in the spring or fall. Spring planting after the risk of frost is generally better for areas with cold winters as this gives the plant more time to settle in before the weather turns cold. Fall planting is suitable for some varieties, so always research the specific cultivar first. Broadleaf evergreen plants grown in warm climates handle fall planting more easily.
Transplant Euonymus in the spring or fall. Spring is generally a better time, but the fall is acceptable in areas with mild winters. Euonymus is a prolific perennial that can spread on its own through suckers or seeds. Suckers or offshoots can be removed from the parent plant and grown on their own when they are a few inches tall.